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Microsurgery. 2013 Jan;33(1):69-76. doi: 10.1002/micr.22042. Epub 2012 Sep 14.

Microsurgical reconstruction of the smile--contemporary trends.

Author information

1
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. amomeni@stanford.edu

Abstract

The treatment of facial palsy is a complex and challenging area of plastic surgery. Microsurgical innovation has introduced the modern age of dynamic reconstruction for facial palsy. This review will focus on microsurgical reconstruction for smile restoration in patients with long-standing facial palsy. The most common donor muscles and nerves will be presented. The advantages and disadvantages of single-stage versus multi-stage reconstruction will be discussed. Contemporary trends will be highlighted and the authors' preferred practice outlined.

PMID:
22976539
DOI:
10.1002/micr.22042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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