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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9):CD000419. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000419.pub3.

Piracetam for acute ischaemic stroke.

Author information

1
UO Neurologia, ASL 1 dell’ Umbria, Città di Castello, Italy. istitaly@unipg.it.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Piracetam has neuroprotective and antithrombotic effects that may help to reduce death and disability in people with acute stroke. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 1999, and previously updated in 2006 and 2009.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effects of piracetam in acute, presumed ischaemic stroke.

SEARCH METHODS:

We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched 15 May 2011), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 2), MEDLINE (1966 to May 2011), EMBASE (1980 to May 2011), and ISI Science Citation Index (1981 to May 2011). We also contacted the manufacturer of piracetam to identify further published and unpublished studies.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomised trials comparing piracetam with control, with at least mortality reported and entry to the trial within three days of stroke onset.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Two review authors extracted data and assessed trial quality and this was checked by the other two review authors. We contacted study authors for missing information.

MAIN RESULTS:

We included three trials involving 1002 patients, with one trial contributing 93% of the data. Participants' ages ranged from 40 to 85 years, and both sexes were equally represented. Piracetam was associated with a statistically non-significant increase in death at one month (approximately 31% increase, 95% confidence interval 81% increase to 5% reduction). This trend was no longer apparent in the large trial after correction for imbalance in stroke severity. Limited data showed no difference between the treatment and control groups for functional outcome, dependence or proportion of patients dead or dependent. Adverse effects were not reported.

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

There is some suggestion (but no statistically significant result) of an unfavourable effect of piracetam on early death, but this may have been caused by baseline differences in stroke severity in the trials. There is not enough evidence to assess the effect of piracetam on dependence.

Update of

PMID:
22972044
DOI:
10.1002/14651858.CD000419.pub3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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