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J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Oct 10;60(40):9967-73. doi: 10.1021/jf302762j. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Elucidating the formation pathway of the off-flavor compound 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol.

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Technical Research Institute R&D Center, T. Hasegawa Co., Ltd. , 29-7, Kariyado, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki-shi, 211-0022, Japan.


In a previous work, we identified 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol as an off-flavor compound formed from ascorbic acid and (E)-hex-2-enal in a test apple beverage. In this study, we elucidate the pathway by which 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol formed. Isotope labeling studies revealed that the propyl group of 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol derives from (E)-hex-2-enal and that 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol contains carbons 2-6 of ascorbic acid. Two compounds, namely, 2,3-dihydro-6-propylbenzofuran-3,7-diol and 3-(2-furoyl)hexanal, were identified as byproducts of a model reaction of ascorbic acid and (E)-hex-2-enal. Each of these compounds was dissolved in an aqueous solution of citric acid and stored at 60 °C for 1 week. After storage, 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol was detected from a solution of 2,3-dihydro-6-propylbenzofuran-3,7-diol, but not from 3-(2-furoyl)hexanal. 6-Propylbenzofuran-7-ol was formed by isolating tricyclic hemiacetal lactone derived from the Michael addition of ascorbic acid to (E)-hex-2-enal, mixing the tricyclic hemiacetal lactone with the aqueous solution of citric acid, and applying heat. This confirmed that 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol was formed via the Michael adduct.

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