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Exp Ther Med. 2012 May;3(5):873-877. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

Decrease in Fas-induced apoptosis by the γ-secretase inhibitor is dependent on p75(NTR) in a glioblastoma cell line.

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1
University of Limoges, EA3842, 'Cellular Homeostasis and Pathology', Faculty of Medicine, 87025 Limoges Cedex;

Abstract

p75(NTR), a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, plays a key role in numerous physiological processes, including cell survival or apoptosis. Yet, the associated signaling pathways remain poorly understood. Similar to Notch, γ-secretase cleavage is implicated in the p75(NTR) signaling pathway leading to nuclear translocation of the intracellular domain and cell death. Fas receptor activation was found to promote cell death apoptosis in several cell lines. The goal of this study was to determine the respective role of p75(NTR) and Notch in the resistance to Fas-induced apoptosis in the U-87 MG glioblastoma cell line. Using the γ-secretase inhibitor, we investigated the modulation of Fas-induced apoptosis dependent on p75(NTR)-Fas receptor interaction. Whereas the U-87 MG cells expressed the Fas receptor at the cell membrane, apoptosis induced by Fas activation was decreased by the γ-secretase inhibitor. These data suggest that γ-secretase is implicated in p75(NTR) and Fas interaction leading to cell death signaling.

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