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Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Feb;131(2):232-43.

The association of cutaneous malignant melanoma with the use of sunbeds and sunlamps.

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Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.


Data are presented from a large case-control study (583 cases, 608 controls) to estimate the association of melanoma with the use of sunbeds and sunlamps. Odds ratios of 1.88 and 1.45 were found for ever having used a sunbed or sunlamp in males and females, respectively, which was statistically significant in males and of borderline significance in females. These effects persisted when adjustments were made for age and a variety of potential confounders. The effect was slightly stronger for lentigo maligna and for lesions of the face, head, neck, and arms. The risk was greater and significant for both sexes for domestic use of sunbeds/sunlamps, and increased with duration and amount of use. A comparison of 43 cases interviewed before a diagnosis of melanoma had been made with the other 540 cases suggests that recall bias was not responsible for the association. The authors conclude that use of artificial tanning devices appears to be a risk factor for melanoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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