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J Biochem. 2012 Dec;152(6):577-86. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvs101. Epub 2012 Sep 10.

Critical role of farnesoid X receptor for hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation.

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1
School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Tokyo, Japan. tfujino@ps.toyaku.ac.jp

Abstract

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a pivotal factor maintaining bile acid homeostasis, has been recently shown to be a critical factor required for liver regeneration. The elucidation of the mechanism how FXR controls the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells is useful to establish the therapy for liver cancer. Here, we show that FXR plays a crucial role in the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2, Huh7 and HLE. The treatment of HepG2 with FXR siRNA elevates the level of p16/INK4a expression resulting in the inhibition of cell proliferation. By contrast, FXR activation reduces p16/INK4a expression and stimulates the cell proliferation. The ectopic expression of the active form of Ras that causes strong activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) leads to the decrease in FXR expression, suggesting that FXR expression is negatively regulated via Ras/ERK pathway. The elevation of p16/INK4a expression and the inhibition of cell proliferation by FXR knockdown are also observed in Huh7 and HLE. In this study, we have suggested a novel mechanism by which hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation is regulated: FXR stimulates cell proliferation by suppressing the p16/INK4a expression, whereas Ras/ERK pathway down-regulates the FXR expression, leading to the suppressed cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines.

PMID:
22969091
DOI:
10.1093/jb/mvs101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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