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Int Immunol. 2013 Jan;25(1):53-65. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxs087. Epub 2012 Sep 11.

The role of dendritic cells in the generation of CD4(+) CD25(HI) Foxp3(+) T cells induced by amino acid copolymers.

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Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.


The effects of the amino acid copolymers used in the therapy of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, poly(Y,E,A,K)(n) (Copaxone(®)) and poly(Y,F,A,K)(n), on murine myeloid cells have been investigated. After administration of these copolymers to mice, increases in several splenic myeloid cell populations were observed, including CD11b(+) CD11c(+) dendritic cells. The latter were the major splenic cell type that secreted CCL22 (macrophage-derived chemokine) on stimulation with amino acid copolymers. CCL22 secretion was also stimulated from bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) generated with GM-CSF in much larger amounts than from bone marrow-derived macrophages generated with M-CSF. Moreover, CCL22 secretion could also be obtained using BMDC generated from two different types of MHC II(-/-) mice, indicating that an innate immune receptor is involved. Finally, incubation of these BMDC or splenic dendritic cells with naive CD4(+) CD25(-) T cells resulted in formation of CD4(+) CD25(HI) Foxp3 T cells (~25% of which were Foxp3(+)). The number of these regulatory cells was doubled by pretreatment of BMDC with amino acid copolymers.

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