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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2012 Nov;404(8):2499-505. doi: 10.1007/s00216-012-6342-7. Epub 2012 Sep 12.

New quality-control materials for the determination of alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates in sewage sludge.

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Department of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA-CSIC, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.


The determination of alkylphenols in sewage sludge is still hindered by the complexity of the matrix and of the analytes, some of which are a mixture of isomers. Most of the methods published in the literature have not been validated, due to the lack of reference materials for the determination of alkylphenols in sludge. Given this situation, the objectives of the present study were to develop a new quality-control material for determining octylphenol, nonylphenol and nonylphenol monoethoxylate in sludge. The material was prepared from an anaerobically digested sewage sludge, which was thermally dried, sieved, homogenized and bottled after checking for the bulk homogeneity of the processed material. Together with the sewage sludge, an extract was also prepared, in order to provide a quality-control material for allowing laboratories to test the measuring step. The homogeneity and 1-year stability of the two materials were evaluated. Statistical analysis proved that the materials were homogeneous and stable for at least 1 year stored at different temperatures. These materials are intended to assist in the quality control of the determination of alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates in sewage sludge.

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