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Helicobacter. 2012 Oct;17(5):382-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2012.00962.x. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Greater than 95% success with 14-day bismuth quadruple anti- Helicobacter pylori therapy: a pilot study in US Hispanics.

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  • 1University of Texas-Houston School of Public Health, El Paso Regional Campus, El Paso, TX 79902, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A combination capsule of bismuth, metronidazole, and tetracycline plus omeprazole given as 10-day therapy has an overall effectiveness of 92-93% in per-protocol analysis (Grade B) with eradication of 86-91% of metronidazole-resistant Helicobacter pylori. This study aimed to explore whether extending the duration to 14 days would improve overall effectiveness per protocol to ≥95% (Grade A) in a population in which metronidazole resistance was anticipated to exist.

METHODS:

A one-arm, open-label pilot study of H. pylori-infected, asymptomatic/mildly dyspeptic adults, Hispanic residents of El Paso, Texas, received a 14-day course of omeprazole, plus the combination capsule. We cultured and Gram-stained specimens obtained using a minimally invasive orogastric brush. Helicobacter pylori status was determined by (13)C-urea breath test at 4 or more weeks post-therapy.

RESULTS:

Forty-seven subjects (7 men and 40 women, average age 42 years) were entered. The per-protocol effectiveness was 97.1% (33/34) (95% mid-P CI: 86.3, 99.9); 100% of metronidazole-resistant strains were eradicated. Side effects were mild and self-limited but contributed to nonadherence. Therapy taken for <10 days was more likely to result in eradication failure (p < .001). Office-based orogastric brushing was well tolerated; positive cultures were obtained in 95%. Gram staining showed H. pylori-like forms in all specimens.

CONCLUSIONS:

This pilot study supports the concept that 14-day OBMT therapy is likely to be more efficacious for H. pylori eradication (Grade A, PP basis) than a 10-day course where metronidazole resistance is suspected. If confirmed, 14 days should be recommended in populations where metronidazole resistance is common.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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