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Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2012 Oct;22(8):1383-8.

Laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical parametrectomy for occult early-stage invasive cervical cancer after simple hysterectomy.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.



To investigate the feasibility and surgical outcomes of laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical parametrectomy (LNSRP) and lymphadenectomy for treatment of occult early-stage invasive cervical cancer after simple hysterectomy.


From 2006 to 2010, 28 patients who were discovered to have occult early-stage invasive cervical cancer after a simple hysterectomy underwent LNSRP, upper vaginal resection, and pelvic lymphadenectomy. A retrospective analysis of these cases was performed.


All patients underwent successful LNSRP. There was no conversion to laparotomy. The mean ± SD operation time was 173.30 ± 56.20 minutes. The mean ± SD estimated blood loss was 230.00 ± 109.55 mL. Two intraoperative complications were recorded. The median number of extracted pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes was 23 (range, 12-36) and 7 (range, 3-15), respectively. The mean ± SD time before Foley catheter removal was 5.6 ± 2.74 days (range, 3-14 days ), and bladder voiding function recovery to grade 0 to grade 1 was observed in 26 patients (92.9%). Of the 28 patients, 3 patients received further adjuvant therapy. The median follow-up period was 38 (range, 4-62) months for all patients. No recurrence case was found in this series.


Laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical parametrectomy is a therapeutic option for occult early-stage invasive cervical cancer discovered after hysterectomy. Nerve-sparing radical surgery in indicated patients may lead to optimal preservation of bladder function.

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