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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Nov;16(11):1485-91. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0193. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Risk factors associated with tuberculosis infection among health care workers in Inner Mongolia, China.

Author information

1
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Abstract

SETTING:

Health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk for tuberculosis (TB) infection. In China, surveys examining TB infection among HCWs have not studied general health care facilities, compared tuberculin tests conducted using local protocols against an internationally accepted test or characterised risk factors.

OBJECTIVE:

To measure the prevalence of and risk factors for TB infection among HCWs in Inner Mongolia, China.

DESIGN:

Between April and August 2010, we administered QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) tests, skin tests using Chinese tuberculin (TST) and surveys among HCWs at an infectious diseases hospital and a general medical hospital. We assessed whether demographic characteristics, personal exposure and work exposure were associated with QFT-GIT and TST positivity, and assessed agreement between test results.

RESULTS:

Of 999 HCWs, 683 (68%) were QFT-GIT-positive, which was associated with greater age, longer HCW career, TB disease in a co-worker and greater daily patient exposure using multivariable analysis. TST reactions ≥ 5 mm occurred in 69% of the HCWs; agreement between test results was low ( 0.22).

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of TB infection among HCWs in Inner Mongolia is high; infection was associated with occupational exposure. Results from locally conducted TST are difficult to interpret. In China, TB infection control in health care facilities should be strengthened.

PMID:
22964074
DOI:
10.5588/ijtld.12.0193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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