Format

Send to

Choose Destination

RETRACTED ARTICLE

See: Retraction Notice

See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):134-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.06.021. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Deficits in emotion recognition in pediatric bipolar disorder: the mediating effects of irritability.

Author information

1
University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 W Harrison, room 1062D, M/C 285, Chicago IL 60607, USA. stewarts@uic.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pediatric Bipolar Disorder (PBD) is a debilitating condition associated with impairment in many domains. Social functioning is one of the disorder's most notable areas of impairment and this deficit may be in part due to difficulties recognizing affect in others.

METHODS:

In the present study, medication naïve youth with PBD were compared to age-matched healthy controls on their ability to (a) distinguish between categorical emotions, such as happiness, anger, and sadness on the Emotion Recognition Test (ER-40) and (b) differentiate between levels of emotional intensity on an adapted version of the Penn Emotional Acuity Task (Chicago-PEAT).

RESULTS:

Results indicated that PBD youth misidentified sad, fearful, and neutral faces more often than controls, and PBD girls mislabeled 'very angry' faces more often than healthy girls. A mediation analyses indicated that these diagnostic group differences on emotion recognition were significantly mediated by irritability.

LIMITATIONS:

The Chicago-PEAT only examined variations in emotional intensity for the emotions happy and anger. Additionally, all results are correlational; therefore causal inferences cannot be made.

CONCLUSIONS:

Supporting previous literature, the present findings highlight the importance of emotion recognition deficits in PBD individuals. Additionally, the irritability associated with PBD may be an important mechanism of this deficit and may thus represent an important target for treatment.

PMID:
22963899
PMCID:
PMC3513629
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2012.06.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center