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Trends Microbiol. 2012 Dec;20(12):604-11. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2012.08.005. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

A cultured affair: HSV latency and reactivation in neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. wilsoa02@med.nyu.edu

Abstract

After replicating in surface epithelia, herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) enters the axonal terminals of peripheral neurons. The viral genome translocates to the nucleus, where it establishes a specialized infection known as latency, re-emerging periodically to seed new infections. Studies using cultured neuron models that faithfully recapitulate the molecular hallmarks of latency and reactivation defined in live animal models have provided fresh insight into the control of latency and connections to neuronal physiology. With this comes a growing appreciation for how the life cycles of HSV-1 and other herpesviruses are governed by key host pathways controlling metabolic homeostasis and cell identity.

PMID:
22963857
PMCID:
PMC3989139
DOI:
10.1016/j.tim.2012.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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