Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 2012 Oct 25;55(20):8745-56. doi: 10.1021/jm301059b. Epub 2012 Oct 8.

Catechol pyrazolinones as trypanocidals: fragment-based design, synthesis, and pharmacological evaluation of nanomolar inhibitors of trypanosomal phosphodiesterase B1.

Author information

Leiden/Amsterdam Centre of Drug Research-LACDR, Amsterdam Institute of Molecules, Medicines and Systems- AIMMS, Division of Medicinal Chemistry, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Trypanosomal phosphodiesterases B1 and B2 (TbrPDEB1 and TbrPDEB2) play an important role in the life cycle of Trypanosoma brucei, the causative parasite of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as African sleeping sickness. We used homology modeling and docking studies to guide fragment growing into the parasite-specific P-pocket in the enzyme binding site. The resulting catechol pyrazolinones act as potent TbrPDEB1 inhibitors with IC₅₀ values down to 49 nM. The compounds also block parasite proliferation (e.g., VUF13525 (20b): T. brucei rhodesiense IC₅₀ = 60 nM, T. brucei brucei IC₅₀ = 520 nM, T. cruzi = 7.6 μM), inducing a typical multiple nuclei and kinetoplast phenotype without being generally cytotoxic. The mode of action of 20b was investigated with recombinantly engineered trypanosomes expressing a cAMP-sensitive FRET sensor, confirming a dose-response related increase of intracellular cAMP levels in trypanosomes. Our findings further validate the TbrPDEB family as antitrypanosomal target.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center