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Am Fam Physician. 2012 Jul 1;86(1):66-70.

Reducing adverse effects of proton pump inhibitors.

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1
Excela Health Latrobe Family Medicine Residency Program, Latrobe, PA, USA. pament@excelahealth.org

Abstract

Proton pump inhibitors effectively treat gastroesophageal reflux disease, erosive esophagitis, duodenal ulcers, and pathologic hypersecretory conditions. Proton pump inhibitors cause few adverse effects with short-term use; however, long-term use has been scrutinized for appropriateness, drug-drug interactions, and the potential for adverse effects (e.g., hip fractures, cardiac events, iron deficiency, Clostridium difficile infection, pneumonia). Adults 65 years and older are more vulnerable to these adverse effects because of the higher prevalence of chronic diseases in this population. Proton pump inhibitors administered for stress ulcer prophylaxis should be discontinued after the patient is discharged from the intensive care unit unless other indications exist.

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PMID:
22962914
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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