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Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2012 Sep;67(3):235-41.

Inhibition of mouse urinary bladder carcinogenesis by açai fruit (Euterpe oleraceae Martius) intake.

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Post-Graduation Program in Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, UNESP Sao Paulo State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.


Açai, fruit from Euterpe oleraceae Martius, is consumed in natura and in a variety of beverages and food preparations and possesses several potential antioxidant compounds. In a first study for anticarcinogenicity screening, male Swiss mice (n = 20/per group) were chemically-induced to urothelial bladder carcinogenesis for 10 weeks and received a standard diet or a standard diet containing 2.5 and 5 % spray-dried açai pulp (AP) for 10 weeks. At week 20, the incidence of simple and nodular hyperplasia and the incidence and multiplicity of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) were evaluated. In a second study for antigenotoxicity screening, male Swiss mice (n = 6/per group) were fed standard diet or standard diet containing 5 % AP for three weeks. Urothelial cell suspensions were obtained and challenged with H(2)O(2) for induction of DNA damage and analyzed by comet assay. Overall, dietary 5 % AP reduced TCC incidence and multiplicity (p = 0.019 and p = 0.015, respectively) and tumor cell proliferation and p63 expression (p = 0.02 and p = 0.007, respectively), Furthermore, the group fed the 5 % AP presented a significant reduction (p < 0.01) in DNA damage induced by H(2)O(2), a notable oxidant agent. The results suggest that the spray-dried açai pulp used here inhibits the TCC development in male Swiss mice, probably due to its potential antioxidant action.

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