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J Med Chem. 1990 Jan;33(1):394-407.

Synthesis of peptidyl fluoromethyl ketones and peptidyl alpha-keto esters as inhibitors of porcine pancreatic elastase, human neutrophil elastase, and rat and human neutrophil cathepsin G.

Author information

1
Merrell Dow Research Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio 45215.

Abstract

Comparison of MeO-Suc-Val-Pro-Phe-CO2Me (29) and MeO-Suc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe- CO2Me (25) with their corresponding trifluoromethyl ketones 9a and 9b, respectively, in rat and human neutrophil cathepsin G assays showed the alpha-keto esters to be more potent inhibitors. Likewise, Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Ala-CO2Me (21) was more potent than its corresponding trifluoromethyl ketone (9c) in both porcine pancreatic elastase and human neutrophil elastase assays. Within a set of Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-CF3 elastase inhibitors, the carbobenzyloxy (Cbz) N-protecting group conferred greater potency as a P5 site recognition unit for elastase than did dansyl, methoxysuccinyl, or tert-butyloxycarbonyl. Initial inhibition of elastase was greater when trifluoromethyl ketone 9f was added from a stock solution of dimethyl sulfoxide than when it had been buffer-equilibrated prior to assay, which suggests that the nonhydrated ketone is the more effective form of the inhibitor. The most potent elastase inhibitor we report is Na-(Ad-SO2)-N epsilon-(MeO-Suc)Lys-Pro-Val-CF3 (16) which has a Ki of 0.58 nM.

PMID:
2296031
DOI:
10.1021/jm00163a063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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