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J Med Chem. 1990 Jan;33(1):17-21.

Synthesis and anti-HIV activity of carbocyclic 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy 2,6-disubstituted purine nucleosides.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.


(+-)-cis-[4-[(2,5-Diamino-6-chloropyrimidinyl)amino]-2- cyclopentenyl]carbinol (5a) was synthesized from 2-amino-4,6-dichloropyrimidine and cis-4-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentenylamine (2a) by subsequent preparation of the 5-[(4-chlorophenyl)azo] derivative of the resulting pyrimidine (3a) and reduction of the azo moiety with zinc and acetic acid. The carbocyclic analogue of 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy 2-amino-6-chloropurine (6a) and the corresponding 8-azapurine (9a) were prepared from 5a. The carbocyclic 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy analogues of guanine (7a) and 2,6-diaminopurine (8a), and 8-azaguanine (10a) and 8-aza-2,6-diaminopurine (11a) were prepared from 6a and 9a, respectively. The corresponding 2',3'-saturated series of 2-amino-6-substituted-purine carbocyclic nucleosides was prepared following the same scheme starting with cis-4-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentylamine (2b). Carbocyclic 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxyguanosine (carbovir, 7a) emerged as a potent and selective anti-HIV agent. Its hydrolytic stability and its ability to inhibit the infectivity and replication of HIV in T-cells at concentrations of approximately 200-400-fold below toxic concentrations make carbovir an excellent candidate for development as a potential antiretroviral agent.

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