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Epilepsy Res Treat. 2012;2012:809843. doi: 10.1155/2012/809843. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Depression in temporal lobe epilepsy: a review of prevalence, clinical features, and management considerations.

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Department of Psychiatry, Schulich School of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1.

Abstract

Depression in temporal lobe epilepsy has been established as a frequent occurrence, and various possible mechanisms for this significant comorbidity have been posited. However, there is still little to guide a clinician in the recognition and management of depression in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. This is in part due to the lack of consistent findings in earlier studies, which was likely partly due to variabilities in methodology, sampling, and diagnosis of both temporal lobe epilepsy and depression. However, in recent years, significant effort has been made to address these issues and provide a framework for diagnosis and management of depression in this population. The following is a review of the literature, with special emphasis on clinical phenomenology of depressive symptoms, described bidirectional risk between depression and temporal lobe epilepsy, and treatment strategies in the context of potential drug interactions with antiepileptic drugs.

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