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Epilepsy Res Treat. 2012;2012:769825. doi: 10.1155/2012/769825. Epub 2012 May 21.

Microsurgical anatomy of the temporal lobe and its implications on temporal lobe epilepsy surgery.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

Abstract

Objective. We review the neuroanatomical aspects of the temporal lobe related to the temporal lobe epilepsy. The neuronal, the ventricular, and the vascular structures are demonstrated. Methods. The previous articles published from the laboratory of the senior author are reviewed. Results. The temporal lobe has four surfaces. The medial surface has a complicated microanatomy showing close relation to the intraventricular structures, such as the amygdala or the hippocampus. There are many white matter bundles in the temporal lobe showing relation to the extra- and intraventricular structures. The surgical approaches commonly performed to treat temporal lobe epilepsy are discussed under the light of these data. Conclusion. A thorough knowledge of the microanatomy is necessary in cortical, subcortical, and intraventricular structures of the temporal lobe to achieve better results.

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