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J Immunol. 2012 Oct 1;189(7):3430-8. Epub 2012 Sep 5.

Crosstalk between human IgG isotypes and murine effector cells.

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Genmab, 3584 CM, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Development of human therapeutic Abs has led to reduced immunogenicity and optimal interactions with the human immune system in patients. Humanization had as a consequence that efficacy studies performed in mouse models, which represent a crucial step in preclinical development, are more difficult to interpret because of gaps in our knowledge of the activation of murine effector cells by human IgG (hIgG) remain. We therefore developed full sets of human and mouse isotype variants of human Abs targeting epidermal growth factor receptor and CD20 to explore the crosstalk with mouse FcγRs (mFcγRs) and murine effector cells. Analysis of mFcγR binding demonstrated that hIgG1 and hIgG3 bound to all four mFcγRs, with hIgG3 having the highest affinity. hIgG1 nevertheless was more potent than hIgG3 in inducing Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and Ab-dependent cellular phagocytosis with mouse NK cells, mouse polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and mouse macrophages. hIgG4 bound to all mFcγRs except mFcγRIV and showed comparable interactions with murine effector cells to hIgG3. hIgG4 is thus active in the murine immune system, in contrast with its inert phenotype in the human system. hIgG2 bound to mFcγRIIb and mFcγRIII, and induced potent ADCC with mouse NK cells and mouse polymorphonuclear leukocytes. hIgG2 induced weak ADCC and, remarkably, was unable to induce Ab-dependent cellular phagocytosis with mouse macrophages. Finally, the isotypes were studied in s.c. and i.v. tumor xenograft models, which confirmed hIgG1 to be the most potent human isotype in mouse models. These data enhance our understanding of the crosstalk between hIgGs and murine effector cells, permitting a better interpretation of human Ab efficacy studies in mouse models.

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