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EMBO J. 1990 Jan;9(1):35-42.

Purification and characterization of tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase.

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Cell Biology Programme, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, FRG.


Tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase (TPST) is a Golgi membrane enzyme involved in the post-translational modification of secretory and membrane proteins. Here we describe the 140,000-fold purification of this enzyme from bovine adrenal medulla to apparent homogeneity and determine its substrate specificity. The key step in the purification was affinity chromatography on a substrate peptide to which the enzyme bound in the presence of nucleotide cosubstrate. TPST is a 54-50 kd integral membrane glycoprotein. The presence of sialic acid strongly suggests that within the Golgi complex, TPST is localized in the trans-most subcompartment. TPST was found to specifically sulfate tyrosine residues adjacent to acidic amino acids. These results define a major determinant for the specificity of protein sulfation in the trans Golgi.

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