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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Dec;67(12):2825-32. doi: 10.1093/jac/dks327. Epub 2012 Sep 5.

Complete genome sequence of Acinetobacter baumannii MDR-TJ and insights into its mechanism of antibiotic resistance.

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Department of Biochemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering, Ministry of Education, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.



To determine the genome sequence of Acinetobacter baumannii strain MDR-TJ and characterize the mechanisms of multidrug resistance in this strain.


The whole-genome sequence was determined using Roche 454 GS FLX Titanium. Subsequently, the gaps were closed by sequencing PCR products. The genome of strain MDR-TJ was annotated using IMG ER, the RAST annotation server and the BASys bacterial annotation system. The comM gene of MDR-TJ was examined to identify a possible antibiotic resistance island. Based on the results of multilocus sequence typing, we investigated seven multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains belonging to global clone 2 (GC2) isolated from Asia, Australia and Europe to determine the backbone shared by resistance islands of GC2 isolates.


The A. baumannii strain MDR-TJ genome consists of a circular chromosome and a plasmid, pABTJ1. Strain MDR-TJ was assigned to sequence type ST2. Strain MDR-TJ harbours a 41.6 kb resistance island designated RI(MDR-TJ), which can be derived from the backbone of Tn6167 through the insertion of a Tn6022 into the 3'-end of the tetA(B) gene. Comparative analysis showed that transposon Tn6022 and its truncated forms prevailed in the antibiotic resistance islands of GC2 isolates. The carbapenem resistance gene bla(OXA-23) carried by transposon Tn2009 is located on a putatively conjugative plasmid, pABTJ1.


A. baumannii strain MDR-TJ belongs to GC2 and is resistant to multiple antibiotics. A. baumannii MDR-TJ harbours a genomic resistance island that interrupts the comM gene. The carbapenem resistance of MDR-TJ is mediated by a putatively conjugative plasmid, pABTJ1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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