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Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2012 Dec;65(12):1094-100. doi: 10.1016/j.recesp.2012.05.008. Epub 2012 Aug 27.

Relationship of central and peripheral blood pressure to left ventricular mass in hypertensive patients.

[Article in English, Spanish]

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Unidad de Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Sagunto, Sagunto, Valencia, España.



The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship of central and peripheral blood pressure to left ventricular mass.


Cross-sectional study that included 392 never treated hypertensive individuals. Measurement of office, 24-h ambulatory, and central blood pressure (obtained using applanation tonometry) and determination of left ventricular mass by echocardiography were performed in all patients.


In a multiple regression analysis, with adjustment for age, gender and metabolic syndrome, 24-h blood pressure was more closely related to ventricular mass than the respective office and central blood pressures. Systolic blood pressures always exhibited a higher correlation than diastolic blood pressures in all 3 determinations. The correlation between left ventricular mass index and 24-h systolic blood pressure was higher than that of office (P<.002) or central systolic blood pressures (P<.002). Changes in 24-h systolic blood pressure caused the greatest variations in left ventricular mass index (P<.001).


In our population of untreated middle-aged hypertensive patients, left ventricular mass index is more closely related to 24-h ambulatory blood pressure than to office or central blood pressure. Central blood pressure does not enable us to better identify patients with left ventricular hypertrophy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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