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Cell. 1990 Jan 12;60(1):53-61.

Lymphoid cells recognize an alternatively spliced segment of fibronectin via the integrin receptor alpha 4 beta 1.

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Center for Cancer Research, Department of Biology Massachusetts, Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


Using purified recombinant fibronectins we show that WEHI 231 lymphoid cells spread only on fibronectin containing the alternatively spliced V region. Spreading is specifically blocked by peptides from the V25 segment (also called CS-1), which can be selectively spliced out independently of the rest of the V region. Using synthetic peptides we localize the binding site to a 10 amino acid segment that is highly conserved. Integrin alpha 4 beta 1 is a major integrin on the surfaces of these cells and binds specifically to the V25 segment with a primary specificity for the conserved 10 amino acid sequence. Antibodies to integrin alpha 4 inhibit spreading of WEHI 231 cells on V+ fibronectin. Therefore, integrin alpha 4 beta 1 is a fibronectin receptor specific for an alternatively spliced cell adhesion site and may play important roles in selective adhesion of various cell types to specific forms of fibronectin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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