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Platelets. 2012;23(8):565-70. doi: 10.3109/09537104.2012.721907. Epub 2012 Sep 5.

Sitagliptin: anti-platelet effect in diabetes and healthy volunteers.

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Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Sitagliptin, a selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor drug is used to treat type-2 diabetes (T2DM). We investigated the anti-platelet activity of sitagliptin in patients with T2DM and in in vitro samples obtained from healthy humans. Patients with T2DM (27 male + 23 female) were selected and followed up before (control) and after treatment with sitagliptin for up to 3 months. Platelets were isolated from the blood of sitagliptin treated patients and controls. Patients with T2DM treated with sitagliptin for 1and 3 months, showed 10 ± 2% and 30 ± 5% inhibition of platelet aggregation, respectively. For the in vitro study, platelets from 10 normal humans (n = 10) were isolated. Platelet aggregation, intracellular free calcium and tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins were measured by aggregometer, spectrofluorometer and western blotting, respectively. Platelets pre-treated with 5 and 10 µg/ml of sitagliptin, showed 25 ± 4% and 40 ± 6% inhibition of thrombin-induced platelet aggregation, respectively. Sitagliptin decreased intracellular free calcium (2.5-fold) and tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins in thrombin-induced platelet activation. Sitagliptin inhibited platelet aggregation in T2DM as well as in healthy humans. Sitagliptin has significant concentration-dependent anti-platelet activity. This activity was due to its inhibitory effect on intracellular free calcium and tyrosine phosphorylation.

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