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Nanoscale. 2012 Oct 21;4(20):6365-73.

Performance evaluation of electro-optic effect based graphene transistors.

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Republic of Singapore.


Despite the advantages afforded by the unique electronic properties of graphene, the absence of a bandgap has limited its applicability in logic devices. This has led to a study on electro-optic behavior in graphene for novel device operations, beyond the conventional field effect, to meet the requirements of ultra-low power and high-speed logic transistors. Recently, two potential designs have been proposed to leverage on this effect and open a virtual bandgap for ballistic transport in the graphene channel. The first one implements a barrier in the centre of the channel, whereas the second incorporates a tilted gate junction. In this paper, we computationally evaluate the relative device performance of these two designs, in terms of subthreshold slope (SS) and I(ON)/I(OFF) ratio under different temperature and voltage bias, for a defect-free graphene channel. Our calculations employ pure optical modeling for low field electron transport under the constraints of device anatomy. The calculated results show that the two designs are functionally similar and are able to provide SS smaller than 60 mV per decade. Both designs show similar device performance but marginally top one another under different operating constraints. Our results could serve as a guide to circuit designers in selecting an appropriate design as per their system specifications and requirements.

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