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First use of the RANKL antibody denosumab in osteogenesis imperfecta type VI.

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Children's Hospital, University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany.


Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetically heterogeneous disease leading to bone fragility. OI-VI is an autosomal-recessive form caused by mutations in SERPINF1. There is experimental evidence suggesting that loss of functional SERPINF1 leads to an activation of osteoclasts via the RANK/RANKL pathway. Patients with OI-VI show a poor response to bisphosphonates. We report on four children with OI-VI who had shown continuously elevated urinary bone resorption markers during a previous treatment with bisphosphonates. We treated these children with the RANKL antibody denosumab to reduce bone resorption.


Denosumab (1 mg/kg body weight) was injected s.c. every 3 months. There were no severe side effects. Markers of bone resorption decreased to the normal range after each injection. N-terminal Propeptide of collagen 1 was measured in the serum during the first treatment cycle and decreased also. Urinary deoxypyridinoline/creatinine was monitored in a total of seven treatment cycles and indicated that bone resorption reached the pre-treatment level after 6-8 weeks.


This was the first use of denosumab in children with OI-VI. Denosumab was well tolerated, and laboratory parameters provided evidence that the treatment reversibly reduced bone resorption. Therefore, denosumab may be a new therapeutic option for patients with OI-VI.

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