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Science. 1990 Jan 5;247(4938):85-7.

An identified neuron (CPR) evokes neuronal responses reflecting food arousal in Aplysia.

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  • 1Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.


Feeding behavior of Aplysia is associated with an arousal state characterized by a constellation of maintained behaviors and by a potentiation or depression of responses to specific stimuli. A neuron (the cerebral-pedal regulator or CPR) that has widespread actions on various systems connected with feeding has been identified. CPR excites neurons that modulate or drive (i) body posture, (ii) biting, and (iii) cardiovascular behaviors. CPR also inhibits neurons concerned with defensive responses. Food stimuli, which elicit food arousal in the animal, produce prolonged excitation of the CPR. The results suggest that the CPR may evoke a central motive state representing the neuronal correlate of feeding motivation.

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