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Eur J Med Chem. 2012 Oct;56:30-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2012.08.007. Epub 2012 Aug 14.

Discovery of N6-phenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-3,6-diamine derivatives as novel CK1 inhibitors using common-feature pharmacophore model based virtual screening and hit-to-lead optimization.

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State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, #1 Keyuan Road 4, Sichuan 610041, China.


Aberrant activation of casein kinase 1 (CK1) has been demonstrated to be implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer and various central nervous system disorders. Discovery of CK1 inhibitors has thus attracted much attention in recent years. In this account, we describe the discovery of N6-phenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-3,6-diamine derivatives as novel CK1 inhibitors. An optimal common-feature pharmacophore hypothesis, termed Hypo2, was firstly generated, followed by virtual screening using Hypo2 against several chemical databases. One of the best hit compounds, N6-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-3,6-diamine, was chosen for the subsequent hit-to-lead optimization under the guide of Hypo2, which led to the discovery of a new lead compound (1-(3-(3-amino-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-6-ylamino)phenyl)-3-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)urea) that potently inhibits CK1 with an IC(50) value of 78 nM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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