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J Complement Integr Med. 2012 Aug 10;9:Article 19. doi: 10.1515/1553-3840.1579.

Flavonoids purified from parsley inhibit human blood platelet aggregation and adhesion to collagen under flow.

Author information

1
Université Mohammed Premier, Oujda.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Blood platelets are directly involved in both haemostatic and pathologic thrombotic processes, through their adhesion, secretion and aggregation. In this study, we investigated the effect of genins (aglycone flavonoids without sugar group) isolated from parsley (Petroselinum crispum) leaves in vitro on human platelet aggregation and adhesion to a collagen-coated surface under physiologic flow conditions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The aggregation and adhesion studies were monitored after pre-incubation of platelets with genins.

RESULTS:

Genins inhibited dose dependently aggregation induced by thrombin, ADP and collagen. The strongest effect was observed in collagen induced aggregation (IC50 = 0.08 ± 0.01 mg/ml). The HPLC identification of genins compounds revealed the presence of keampferol, apigenin and other not identified compounds. The aggregation tests showed that these compounds have anti-aggregating activity. In addition, adhesion of human platelets to collagen was greatly decreased (over 75 %) by genins (0.3 mg/ml). While the mechanism by which genins act is unclear, we suggest that these compounds may interfere with a multiple target step in the haemostasis process.

CONCLUSION:

These results show that genins isolated from parsley has a potent antiplatelet activity. It may be an important source of beneficial antiplatelet compounds that decrease thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases.

PMID:
22944717
DOI:
10.1515/1553-3840.1579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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