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J Clin Periodontol. 2012 Nov;39(11):1082-8. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12002. Epub 2012 Sep 4.

Root coverage in molar teeth: a comparative controlled randomized clinical trial.

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1
Department of Odontostomatology, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy. giovanni.zucchelli@unibo.it

Abstract

AIM:

To compare the clinical outcomes of laterally moved, coronally advanced flap (LMCAF) versus Bilaminar technique (BT) in the treatment of single gingival recession on molar teeth.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Fifty patients showing Miller I and II gingival recessions at first molar teeth were treated: 25 were randomly assigned to the BT group and 25 belonged to the LMCAF group. Patient's post-operative morbidity was assessed 1 week after the surgery, while aesthetic evaluation and the clinical evaluation were made 1 year later.

RESULTS:

No statistically significant difference was demonstrated in terms of recession and PPD reduction. Statistically greater probability of complete root coverage (CRC, Odds Ratio 22.1) and greater increase in gingival thickness were observed in the BT group. Greater increase in keratinized tissue was obtained in the LMCAF. Patient satisfaction with aesthetics was very high in both treatment groups. Better post-operative course was observed in the LMCAF, while better post-operative sensitivity and root coverage evaluation were demonstrated in patients treated with BT.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gingival recession at first molar teeth can be successfully treated with LMCAF and BT. Better CRC was achieved with BT, while more comfortable post-operative course was associated with the LMCAF.

PMID:
22943446
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.12002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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