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Luminescence. 2013 Sep-Oct;28(5):713-8. doi: 10.1002/bio.2421. Epub 2012 Sep 3.

Dark-red-emitting CdTe/Cd1-x Znx S core/shell quantum dots: preparation and properties.

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Health Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Midorigaoka, Ikeda-city, Osaka, 563-8577, Japan; School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, 250022, Jinan, People's Republic of China.


CdTe nanocrystals (NCs) were fabricated through an organic synthesis. The growth and properties of CdTe NCs depended strongly on the preparation conditions. In a reaction system of octadecene and tetradecylphosphonic acid (TDPA), the growth was slow. CdTe NCs with cubic-like morphology were created in trioctylamine (TOA) using octadecylphosphonic acid (ODPA)-CdO or TDPA-CdO as precursors. The TOA and ODPA system gives rise to NCs with high photoluminescence (PL) efficiencies (12%). A Cdx Zn1-x S shell coating on the CdTe core, gave rise to tunable dark red PL (630-670 nm). The morphology and PL properties of the CdTe cores were drastically affected by shell coating and this determined the properties of CdTe/Cdx Zn1-x S NCs. Small CdTe NCs were easily coated with Cdx Zn1-x S shells. The resulting core/shell NCs revealed a spherical morphology. However, shell growth became slow when large CdTe cores were used. This is ascribed to the cores with a cubic-like morphology. CdS interlayer plays an important role for the formation of the CdTe/Cdx Zn1-x S NCs because the experimental result indicated it is difficult to coat CdTe NCs with a ZnS shell. The core/shell NCs benefited from a Cdx Zn1-x S composite shell because CdTe/CdS NCs created via a similar procedure revealed a low PL efficiency.


hydrophobic; photoluminescence; quantum dots; semiconductor

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