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Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Jul;72(7):1149-55. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201933. Epub 2012 Aug 31.

Clinical response, drug survival and predictors thereof in 432 ankylosing spondylitis patients after switching tumour necrosis factor α inhibitor therapy: results from the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry.

Author information

1
Department of Rheumatology, Gentofte University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. glintborg@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate frequencies and reasons for switching, treatment responses and drug survival in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) switching tumour-necrosis-factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) treatment in routine clinical care.

METHODS:

AS patients were identified in the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry. Disease activity, treatment responses (50% or 20 mm reduction in Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI)), duration and rates of drug survival and predictors thereof were studied in patients receiving ≥2 different biological drugs.

RESULTS:

Of 1436 AS patients starting TNFi treatment, 432 patients (30%) switched to a second and 137 (10%) to a third biological drug. Compared with non-switchers, switchers were more frequently women (33%/22%), had shorter disease duration (3 years/5 years) and higher BASDAI (62(52-76) mm/56(43-69) mm (median(interquartile-range))), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI) (54(39-71) mm/47(31-65) mm) and visual-analogue-scale (VAS) global, pain and fatigue scores when they started the first TNFi (all p<0.01). Main reason for switching was lack of response (56%). During the first, second and third treatment BAS- and VAS scores had decreased after 6 months' treatment (all p<0.05). Median drug survivals were 3.1, 1.6 and 1.8 years respectively (p<0.001). After 2 years of treatment 52% of switchers and 63% of non-switchers had achieved response (number needed to treat 1.9 and 1.6, respectively, p=0.01). Drug survivals were similar regardless of the reason for switching. Male gender and low BASFI predicted drug survival of the second TNFi.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly one-third of AS patients in clinical practice switched biological treatment. Response rates and drug survivals were lower among switchers, however, half of switchers achieved treatment response.

KEYWORDS:

Ankylosing Spondylitis; Anti-TNF; Disease Activity

PMID:
22941767
DOI:
10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201933
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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