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Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013 Feb;45(2):687-90. doi: 10.1007/s11250-012-0243-9. Epub 2012 Jul 28.

Serological surveillance reveals widespread influenza A H7 and H9 subtypes among chicken flocks in Egypt.

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Poultry Disease Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Erratum in

  • Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013 Feb;45(2):691. Abddel-Moneim, Ahmed Sayed [corrected to Abdel-Moneim, Ahmed Sayed].


Multiple avian influenza viruses' subtypes are circulating worldwide possessing serious threat to human populations and considered key contributors to the emergence of human influenza pandemics. This study aimed to identify the potential existence of H7 and H9 avian influenza infections circulating among chicken flocks in Egypt. Serum samples were collected from chicken flocks that experienced respiratory distresses and/or variable mortality rates. H7 and H9 virus infections were screened by haemagglutination inhibition assay using chicken erythrocytes. Serum samples were collected from 9 broiler, 12 breeder and 18 layer flocks. Out of 1,225 examined sera, 417 (34 %) from 14 flocks and 605 (49.4 %) from 21 flocks were found positive for H7 and H9, respectively. Prevalence of both H7 and H9 antibodies were higher in layer followed by breeder then broiler flocks. Special consideration should be paid to control influenza viruses in Egypt, as pandemic influenza strains may develop unnoticed given the presence of subclinical infections, and the possibility of re-assortment with the prevailing endemic H5N1 virus strains in Egypt do exist.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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