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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012 Nov;38(11):1949-57. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2012.06.008. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

Ultrasound-enhanced monoclonal antibody production.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Canada.


With the rapidly growing demand for monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based products, new technologies are urgently needed to increase mAb production while reducing manufacturing costs. To solve this problem, we report our research findings of using low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) to enhance mAb production. LIPUS with frequency of 1.5 MHz and pulse repetition frequency of 1 kHz, as well as duty cycle of 20%, was used to stimulate hybridoma cells to enhance the production of mAb, anti-CD4 (hybridoma GK1.5). The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results show a 60.42 ± 7.63% increase of mAb expression in hybridoma cells. The evidence of structural changes of the cellular outer membrane in both transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy images and the more than 20% lactate dehydrogenase release indicates that the increased mAb production is related to the increased cell permeability induced by LIPUS. This value-added ultrasound technology provides a potential cost-effective solution for pharmaceutical companies to manufacture mAb-based drugs. The technology, in turn, can reduce the drug manufacturing costs and decrease health care spending.

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