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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1990 Jan;54(1):53-63.

In vivo beneficial effects of cyclosporin A and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the induction of experimental autoimmune thyroiditis.

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INSERM U. 283, Hôpital Cochin, Paris, France.


In a recent work, we provided evidence that the in vitro inhibitory effect of cyclosporin A (CsA) was potentiated by the addition of another immunosuppressive molecule, the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). In the present study, we investigated the in vivo influence of the association of both drugs administered at infratherapeutic doses, using an experimental model of autoimmune thyroiditis in CBA mice. Treatment regimen of the animals was initiated at priming with thyroglobulin (Tg) and consisted of daily administration of CsA (10 and 20 mg/kg/day, intragastrically) and/or 1,25(OH)2D3 (0.1 and 0.2 microgram/kg/day, ip) for 21 days. Control mice that were given a placebo preparation orally and the vehicle of vitamin D3 metabolite ip developed a severe disease as assessed by histological examination on Day 28 postimmunization and detection of circulating anti-Tg antibodies. Treatment with either drug administered alone at the doses mentioned above did not affect the incidence of thyroiditis and only reduced by up to 26% the severity of histological lesions. In contrast, the mice treated simultaneously with both drugs exhibited a lower incidence of thyroid pathology and developed a significantly milder disease (P less than 0.001) as compared to controls. However, there was no alteration in the levels of anti-Tg antibodies. This in vivo beneficial effect of low doses of CsA and 1,25(OH)2D3 was not due to an accumulation of CsA in the blood of treated mice since the levels of CsA were similar, regardless of the administration of 1,25(OH)2D3. Our data suggest that these two immunomodulatory agents used together at low doses may be an effective therapy of autoimmune disorders with fewer side effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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