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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1990 Jan;44(1):107-18.

Cytogenetic and molecular approaches of polyploidization in colorectal adenocarcinomas.

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Department of Biology, Institut Curie, Paris, France.


We present the cytogenetic analysis of 23 cases of polyploid colorectal adenocarcinomas. We took advantage of the high intratumoral heterogeneity of the karyotypes to identify clones, subclones, and cell-to-cell variations. This allowed us to reconstruct the chromosomal evolution of each tumor and to propose a schema of the chromosomal changes in relation to the endoreduplication process. All but one case were characterized by a relative deficiency of chromosomes 17p and 18. Other deficiencies affecting the late-replicating X, and to a lesser degree, 1p, 5q, 14, 15, 8p, 10, 21, and 4, and excesses affecting the early-replicating X, 8q, 13, 16, 17q, and 11 were frequently associated. This pattern of imbalances is very similar to that of the monosomic type previously described in near-diploid tumors. The pattern of the 23rd tumor corresponded to those of the trisomic type tumors. These data largely confirm the existence of two distinct processes of chromosomal evolution in colorectal adenocarcinomas, with a strong tendency to undergo endoreduplication for the monosomic type near-diploid tumors. To correlate cytogenetic and molecular data, allelic losses analyses were investigated for probes of chromosomes 17p and 18. In all 12 informative tumors, a loss of heterozygosity for probes of the short arm of chromosome 17 indicated the occurrence of a rearrangement of chromosome 17 before the endoreduplication. The same was true for allelic losses for probes of chromosome 18 found in 11 of 12 informative tumors. The correlation between cytogenetic and molecular data is thus excellent and indicates that losses of 17p and 18 are early events in the tumor process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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