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Eur J Haematol. 2012 Nov;89(5):423-9. doi: 10.1111/ejh.12010. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Red cell and platelet-derived microparticles are increased in G6PD-deficient subjects.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Microscopy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. nantadao@gmail.com

Abstract

In response to oxidative stress and during apoptosis, cells often shed microparticles (MPs), submicron elements carrying phosphatidylserine and protein antigens. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient cells are extremely sensitive to oxidative damage that may lead to the formation of MPs. To determine whether G6PD deficiency alters membrane phospholipid asymmetry and increases MPs production, we determined the concentrations and cellular origins of MPs in G6PD-deficient individuals using flow cytometry. G6PD-deficient individuals showed an increase in circulating MPs concentrations as compared with G6PD-normal individuals [1051/μL (865-2532/μL) vs. 258/μL (235-575/μL), P < 0.01]. MPs concentrations were significantly increased with the severity of G6PD deficiency. Median MPs concentrations from individuals with severe G6PD deficiency, and individuals with moderate G6PD deficiency were 2567/μL (1216-2532/μL) and 984/μL (685-2107/μL), respectively (P < 0.01). Importantly, G6PD enzymatic activity was significantly correlated with MPs concentrations with r(2) = 0.731. MPs found in G6PD deficiency individuals were largely derived from red blood cells (RBCs) (45%) and platelets (30%). Additionally, Atomic Force Microscopy was used to study the morphology and measures the diameter of MPs found in G6PD-deficient individuals. The mean (SD) width and height of RMPs were 0. 41 (0.18) and 2.04 (0.14) μm, respectively. Together, these results indicate that MP concentration is significantly correlated with G6PD enzymatic activity and is increased in G6PD-deficient as compared with G6PD-normal individuals. Our data also provide an evidence for an alteration in cell membrane associated with a decreased in G6PD activity. However, the significance of MPs in G6PD deficiency needs further clarification.

PMID:
22938511
DOI:
10.1111/ejh.12010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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