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Sports Med. 2012 Oct 1;42(10):845-55. doi: 10.2165/11635370-000000000-00000.

Estimated time limit: a brief review of a perceptually based scale.

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Université de Rouen, Faculté des Sciences du Sport et de l'Education Physique, Centre d'Etudes des Transformations des Activités Physiques et Sportives, Mont Saint Aignan, France.


The ability to predict performance is of great interest for athletes and coaches. It is helpful for the selection of athletes to a team, the prescription of individualized training and the determination of the optimal pacing strategy. However, it is often difficult to judge the time to exhaustion without maximal exercise testing, which is often difficult to schedule during a competitive season. Consequently, the purpose of this review is to present a recent tool based on subjective prediction of time to exhaustion than can be achieved without requiring a maximal effort. This tool is the estimated time limit (ETL) scale. This review summarizes all experimentations that have studied the ETL scale. These studies suggest that the ETL scale may be used to predict time to exhaustion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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