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J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Nov;10(5):418-22. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.PEDS08286. Epub 2012 Aug 31.

Infiltrative brainstem and cerebellar neurocytoma.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Miami Children's Hospital, USA.


Neurocytomas are typically intraventricular in location, and extraventricular neurocytomas are uncommon. The authors report the unique case of a 15-year-old girl who was found to have a low-grade neurocytoma infiltrating the brainstem and cerebellum and spreading along the CSF pathways to the lateral and third ventricles. The patient underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy to treat associated hydrocephalus, and biopsy specimens from intraventricular tumor nodules were obtained. Because of the low-grade pathology, the fact that the lesion was not amenable to resection, and the extensive radiation field required for radiation therapy, she has been treated conservatively with close follow-up. Over the course of almost 4 years since diagnosis, no additional treatment has been required. Neurocytoma with widespread infiltration of the brainstem and cerebellum has not been previously reported.

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