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Autism Res Treat. 2011;2011:759289. doi: 10.1155/2011/759289. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Cognitive Skills of Young Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder Using the BSID-III.

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Hospital Education Program, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.



The purpose of the study was to compare the cognitive skills of young children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to same-aged peers referred for possible developmental delays or behavioral concerns using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Third Edition.


A retrospective chart review was conducted of 147 children ages 16 to 38 months who were referred to a diagnostic clinic for developmental evaluation. Children with ASD were compared to those without ASD with respect to cognition and language outcomes, both overall and by age.


While language skills in children with ASD were more significantly delayed than language skills in children without ASD, there was less discrepancy in the cognitive skills of children with and without ASD.


Formal cognitive assessment of children with ASD can provide guidance for developmental expectations and educational programming. Cognitive skills of children with ASD may be underappreciated.

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