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Neurotherapeutics. 2012 Oct;9(4):717-27. doi: 10.1007/s13311-012-0142-9.

Non-pharmacological treatment of insomnia.

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  • 1Stanford University School of Medicine, Sleep Medicine Center, Redwood City, California 94063, USA. asiebern@stanford.edu

Abstract

Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders, which is characterized by nocturnal symptoms of difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep, and by daytime symptoms that impair occupational, social, or other areas of functioning. Insomnia disorder can exist alone or in conjunction with comorbid medical and/or psychiatric conditions. The incidence of insomnia is higher in women and can increase during certain junctures of a woman's life (e.g., pregnancy, postpartum, and menopause). This article will focus on an overview of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, evidence of effectiveness for this treatment when insomnia disorder is experienced alone or in parallel with a comorbidity, and a review with promising data on the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia when present during postpartum and menopause.

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