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Addiction. 2013 Feb;108(2):339-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA. mbsiegel@bu.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

This study aims to compare the average price of liquor in the United States between retail alcohol outlets in states that have a monopoly ('control' states) with those that do not ('licence' states).

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study of brand-specific alcohol prices in the United States.

SETTING:

We determined the average prices in February 2012 of 74 brands of liquor among the 13 control states that maintain a monopoly on liquor sales at the retail level and among a sample of 50 license-state liquor stores, using their online-available prices.

MEASUREMENTS:

We calculated average prices for 74 brands of liquor by control versus license state. We used a random-effects regression model to estimate differences between control and license state prices-overall and by alcoholic beverage type. We also compared prices between the 13 control states.

FINDINGS:

The overall mean price for the 74 brands was $27.79 in the license states [95% confidence interval (CI): $25.26-30.32] and $29.82 in the control states (95% CI: $26.98-32.66). Based on the random-effects linear regression model, the average liquor price was approximately $2 lower (6.9% lower) in license states.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the United States monopoly of alcohol retail outlets appears to be associated with slightly higher liquor prices.

PMID:
22934914
PMCID:
PMC3529794
DOI:
10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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