Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Radiol Oncol. 2011 Jun;45(2):132-42. doi: 10.2478/v10019-011-0012-9. Epub 2011 Apr 23.

Target and peripheral dose from radiation sector motions accompanying couch repositioning of patient coordinates with the Gamma Knife(®) Perfexion(™).

Author information

Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, USA.



The GammaPlan(™) treatment planning system (TPS) does not fully account for shutter dose when multiple shots are required to deliver a patient's treatment. The unaccounted exposures to the target site and its periphery are measured in this study. The collected data are compared to a similar effect from the Gamma Knife(®) model 4C. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: A stereotactic head frame was attached to a Leksell(®) 16 cm diameter spherical phantom; using a fiducial-box, CT images of the phantom were acquired and registered in the TPS. Measurements give the relationship of measured dose to the number of repositions with the patient positioning system (PPS) and to the collimator size. An absorbed dose of 10 Gy to the 50% isodose line was prescribed to the target site and all measurements were acquired with an ionization chamber.


Measured dose increases with frequency of repositioning and with collimator size. As the radiation sectors transition between the beam on and beam off states, the target receives more shutter dose than the periphery. Shutter doses of 3.53±0.04 and 1.59±0.04 cGy/reposition to the target site are observed for the 16 and 8 mm collimators, respectively. The target periphery receives additional dose that varies depending on its position relative to the target.


The radiation sector motions for the Gamma Knife(®) Perfexion(™) result in an additional dose due to the shutter effect. The magnitude of this exposure is comparable to that measured for the model 4C.


dosimetry; gamma knife; perfexion; shutter effect; stereotactic radiosurgery

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center