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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Nov;97(11):4139-47. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-1575. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

High-dose vitamin d intervention in infants--effects on vitamin d status, calcium homeostasis, and bone strength.

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1
Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolic Bone Diseases, Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 281, FIN-00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Guidelines in Finland recommend 10 μg of vitamin D3 daily for all infants. Recent observations suggest that this may be insufficient to maintain optimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25-OHD).

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to evaluate effects of various vitamin D doses and determine a dose ensuring S-25-OHD of at least 80 nmol/liter in infants without signs of vitamin D excess.

DESIGN:

We conducted a randomized double-blind intervention study. Cord blood was obtained at birth for S-25-OHD; 113 infants were randomized to receive vitamin D3 10, 30, or 40 μg/d from age 2 wk to 3 months.

SETTING:

An investigator-initiated study was performed in a single maternity hospital in Helsinki, Finland.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

S-25-OHD, calcium homeostasis, and skeletal characteristics were evaluated with peripheral quantitative computed tomography at age 3 months.

RESULTS:

Baseline S-25-OHD was similar in all three groups (median, 53 nmol/liter). At 3 months, the mean S-25-OHD values were 88, 124, and 153 nmol/liter, and the minimum values were 46, 57, and 86 nmol/liter in the groups receiving 10, 30, and 40 μg (ANOVA; P < 0.001). No hypercalcemia occurred; plasma calcium, serum PTH, and urine calcium excretion was similar between the groups. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography showed a trend toward larger tibial total bone and cortical bone area with higher vitamin D doses.

CONCLUSION:

Vitamin D3 supplementation with up to 40 μg/d from age 2 wk to 3 months was safe and caused no hypercalcemia or hypercalciuria. The 40-μg dose maintained S-25-OHD above 80 nmol/liter in all infants. More extensive and longer intervention studies are necessary to assess long-term effects.

PMID:
22933541
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2012-1575
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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