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Phytother Res. 2013 Jul;27(7):1012-7. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4802. Epub 2012 Aug 30.

Sanguisorbae radix protects against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neurotoxicity by regulating NADPH oxidase and NF-E2-related factor-2/heme oxygenase-1 expressions.

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Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Science, College of Pharmacy and Kyung Hee East-West Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea.


6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) produces neuronal cell damage by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). The major mechanisms of protection against ROS-induced stress are inhibiting expression of ROS generating genes such as NADPH oxidase (NOX) and increasing expression of endogenous antioxidant genes such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). This study investigated whether a standardized Sanguisorbae Radix extract (SRE), a medical herb commonly used in Asian traditional medicine, has a protective effect on 6-OHDA-induced cell toxicity by regulating ROS in SH-SY5Y cells. SRE at 10 and 50 µg/mL significantly reduced 6-OHDA-induced cell damage dose dependently in the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and by Hoechst 33342 staining. SRE increased the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X ratio and decreased cytochrome C release and caspase-3 activity. SRE also abolished 6-OHDA-induced ROS by inhibiting NOX expression and by inducing HO-1 expression via NF-E2-related factor-2 activation. Taken together, these results demonstrate that SRE has protective effects against 6-OHDA-induced cell death by regulating ROS in SH-SY5Y cells.


6-hydroxydopamine; NADPH oxidase; NF-E2-related factor-2; Sanguisorbae Radix; heme oxygenase-1; reactive oxygen species regulation

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