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Development. 2012 Nov;139(21):3973-85. doi: 10.1242/dev.081596. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

Erg is a crucial regulator of endocardial-mesenchymal transformation during cardiac valve morphogenesis.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Abstract

During murine embryogenesis, the Ets factor Erg is highly expressed in endothelial cells of the developing vasculature and in articular chondrocytes of developing bone. We identified seven isoforms for the mouse Erg gene. Four share a common translational start site encoded by exon 3 (Ex3) and are enriched in chondrocytes. The other three have a separate translational start site encoded by Ex4 and are enriched in endothelial cells. Homozygous Erg(ΔEx3/ΔEx3) knockout mice are viable, fertile and do not display any overt phenotype. By contrast, homozygous Erg(ΔEx4/ΔEx4) knockout mice are embryonic lethal, which is associated with a marked reduction in endocardial-mesenchymal transformation (EnMT) during cardiac valve morphogenesis. We show that Erg is required for the maintenance of the core EnMT regulatory factors that include Snail1 and Snail2 by binding to their promoter and intronic regions.

PMID:
22932696
PMCID:
PMC3472597
DOI:
10.1242/dev.081596
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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