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Child Dev. 2013 Jan-Feb;84(1):178-97. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01840.x. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

Does maternal employment following childbirth support or inhibit low-income children's long-term development?

Author information

1
Boston College. coleyre@bc.edu

Abstract

This study assessed whether previous findings linking early maternal employment to lower cognitive and behavioral skills among middle-class and White children generalized to other groups. Using a representative sample of urban, low-income, predominantly African American and Hispanic families (n = 444), ordinary least squares regression and propensity score matching models assessed links between maternal employment in the 2 years after childbearing and children's functioning at age 7. Children whose mothers were employed early, particularly in their first 8 months, showed enhanced socioemotional functioning compared to peers whose mothers remained nonemployed. Protective associations emerged for both part-time and full-time employment, and were driven by African American children, with neutral effects for Hispanics. Informal home-based child care also heightened positive links.

PMID:
22931466
PMCID:
PMC3514555
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01840.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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