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Indian Heart J. 2012 Jul-Aug;64(4):374-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2012.06.007. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Prevalence of isolated diastolic hypertension and associated risk factors among adults in Kanpur, India.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, India. tanumidha2001@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) is a largely unrecognized subtype of hypertension, more commonly seen in the younger age group.

AIMS:

(1) To determine the prevalence of IDH in the adult population of Kanpur district. (2) To study the associated risk factors of IDH.

METHODS:

A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 801 subjects, aged 20 years and above, using multistage stratified random sampling technique.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of IDH was 4.5%, which was 6.2% in men and 3.1% in women. A significant proportion of IDH was seen in the 40-49 years age group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the associated risk factors showed that gender, physical activity and BMI were significantly associated with IDH.

CONCLUSION:

Isolated diastolic hypertension is an emerging problem in developing countries. IDH is more common among men, sedentary individuals and those with a higher BMI.

PMID:
22929820
PMCID:
PMC3860613
DOI:
10.1016/j.ihj.2012.06.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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